Impacts by human land use also affect survival of young gopher tortoises. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Oaks e. However, a review states that "managers should carefully weigh the goals for native species restoration with the need for sufficient quality forage for gopher tortoises".
Because pine flatwoods are more mesic than pine-oak sandhills, they typically support a more well-developed shrub layer [ ] and relatively fewer grasses and forbs [ 20] than pine-oak sandhills. Uneven-aged management is often promoted for gopher tortoise habitats because it allows much of the forest structure to be retained between harvests [ ].
The influence of natural incubation environments on the phenotypic traits of hatchling lizards. Research shows that if a turtle's eggs incubate below Involvement of estrogens in the process of sex differentiation in two fish species: the rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss and a tilapia Oreochromis niloticus.
Steroid hormones are present in the developing TSD embryo, whether of embryonic or maternal yolk origin. Integration of membrane and nuclear estrogen receptor signaling. Cortisol regulates a diverse array of systems, including aspects of glucose metabolism, ionoregulation, behavior, and immune functions.
Zoological Science. Offspring sex is not related to maternal allocation of yolk steroids in the lizard Bassiana duperreyi Scincidae Physiological and Biochemical Zoology. Jeyasuria P, Place AR.
Although few previous studies had supported the theory in reptiles, Pieau proposed TSD as an alternative to genotypic sex determination. There are certainly many known examples of fish and amphibians with GSD, in which both high and low incubation temperatures can cause sex reversal.
Social interactions: Gopher tortoises are typically solitary [ 7 ] but live in loose aggregations of spatially clustered individuals with overlapping home ranges [ ].