The argument for mandatory testing is basically a utilitarian argument. This test is usually the first one used to detect infection with HIV. Be sure to tell your doctor how and where to contact you. Once in the body, the virus targets the immune system by invading the white blood cells that fight off infections.
You and your doctor can decide if testing is right for you. Had that same amount of money been put into education about HIV infection directed at [high risk groups such as] IV drug users, and adolescents, it probably would have done more good.
In rare cases, the vein may become inflamed after the blood sample is taken. Or, third, we could also mandate legislatively that even if an individual refused to notify persons who were known to be at risk, the physician, the tester, or a public health official could, against the individual's wishes, notify those persons of their risk.
The PANIC position is that there are some public health reasons for obtaining and releasing the information that they believe mandated tests would yield. In addition, we could establish a contact tracing program so that if we discovered a person was HIV positive, we could question him or her about any previous sexual contacts and attempt to notify those people of their risk.
Clean the needle site with alcohol.
How to Navigate Being a Serodiscordant Couple. That being said, a person living with HIV must have sustained viral suppression in order to not transmit. This information is subject to change and does not contain measures implemented by counties, cities, or other localities.
Article Sources. More HIV Topics. Specifically, these resources address the science of HIV, provide background literature on the history and practices of HIV criminalization, and the current status of HIV criminalization laws and statutes in the United States.
Healthwise, Incorporated, disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. With regard to the utilitarian perspective, one might ask, from a scientific, a public health, or a societal perspective, is the greater good accomplished by mandatory testing?
This issue of HIV testing is going to be with us and is going to be more and more difficult. Learn how we develop our content. Finally, opponents of mandatory testing and mandatory reporting of test results are convinced that such policies will drive those who are at risk underground, probably discourage testing at all, and in that sense, spread the infection rather than curtail it.
This test may be done in the days or weeks after exposure to the virus.