Some evidence from brain morphology and function studies indicates that male and female brains cannot always be assumed to be identical from either a structural or functional perspective, and some brain structures are sexually dimorphic. Deals and Shenanigans. Lateralization may differ between the sexes, with men often being said to have a more lateralized brain.
On average, females excel relative to males on tests that measure recollection. Although there has been very little investigation yet into sex differences in functional brain development during adolescence, one study looking at an interaction of sex and age during adolescence with regards to responses to viewing different types of faces found that females and males had similar responses to angry faces during childhood.
A third brain sex differences orbitofrontal cortex of the brain in Darlington by which X and Y chromosome genes may contribute directly to sex differences is through imprinting. In the rest of the chapters, the author uses stories of her patients in the Women's and Teen Girl's Mood and Hormone Clinic, which she founded at University of California, San Francisco, to provide real life examples of emotions and actions of women during various stage of life.
Diffusion-tensor MR imaging of gray and white matter development during normal human brain maturation. The American journal of psychiatry— Is brain estradiol a hormone or a neurotransmitter? Differences in brain size.
The psychopathology of crime: Criminal behavior as a clinical disorder. European Journal of Neuroscience. Brother—sister differences in the g factor in intelligence: analysis of full, opposite-sex siblings from the NLSY Happe F, Frith U. We would thus expect the individuals studied here would not be fully representative of males and females from the general UK population.
Using the same cortical-pattern matching method of comparing cortical thickness measurement as Luder et al, a cross-sectional study in subjects who ranged from 7 to 87 years of age reported females to have thicker cortices in the right inferior parietal and posterior temporal regions Sowell et al.
The authors speculated that this may be related to more extensive fiber crossing in females. Testosterone is metabolized to the much more potent dihydrotestosterone DHT and then to estradiol. Guerriero G: Vertebrate sex steroid receptors: evolution, ligands, and neurodistribution.