A personality characteristic was categorized as feminine if it was independently judged, using a 7 point scale, by both females and males to be significantly more desirable for women than for men [ 11 ] and vice versa for masculine characteristics. Psychometrika 16 : Table 4 Gender roles across biological sexes.
An undifferentiated score is now a result of scoring below the median in both masculine and feminine categories. Performed the experiments: AF RG. However, sex is defined physiologically whereas gender is a cultural construct that includes social and psychological factors [ 1 ]. When it is considered, the Bem sex role inventory short versions in New Mexico appears to be the measure of choice [ 1927 ].
Table 3 Factor Analysis pattern matrix 12 items. Although the Bem Sex Role Inventory has some history of reliability and validity in Brazil [ 24 — 26 ], to the best of our knowledge neither the full nor the 12 item BSRI has been evaluated among older Brazilians.
Foels, R. One indicates never or almost never true, while a seven would indicate always or almost always true. Nevertheless, it has been a popular test and can be of use in student projects. Helgeson, V.
The lack of differentiation according to physiological sex between gender roles may have been due to the translation of the instrument, classification method or the low education and socioeconomic status of our participants. Holt; Jon. Susan P. J Consult Clin Psychol 42 :