Those males also tend to display more aggressive behaviors related to defending territories and gaining exclusive or priority access to important resources. Culture-gene coevolution of individualism-collectivism and the serotonin transporter gene.
Sex differences in psychiatric disorders: origins and developmental influences. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 19, — Interplay of oxytocin, vasopressin and sex hormones in the regulation of social recognition. Higgins Eds.
Behavioral and cognitive characteristics of females and males with autism in the Simons Simplex Collection. Promoting social behavior with oxytocin in high-functioning autism spectrum disorders. Research in developmental disabilities;Jan 3. LerchMichael V. Lanciego, J. Mental Rotation Unlike data from the verbal fluency task, fMRI data from the mental rotation task showed no evidence of main effects of diagnosis.
Oxytocin is associated with human trustworthiness.
These studies should also attend to the magnitude of observed differences as small effects may or may not be clinically meaningful. However in females, control participants showed heightened activation compared to women with AS. Overall, the complex behavioral and imaging effects invite a flexible interpretation: for some cognitive processes i.
Using the whole-brain data, the research questions were addressed at two levels conjointly: first in a mass univariate sense to investigate the pattern of magnitude differences across groups; second in a multivariate sense to establish the pattern of spatial distribution in the brain of the group-differences.
Detection of salivary oxytocin levels in lactating women. Sex differences in immune responses: Hormonal effects, antagonistic selection, and evolutionary consequences. This confirms that in brain morphology, males and females with autism differ from same-sex controls in distinct ways.
Prenatal versus postnatal sex steroid hormone effects on autistic traits in children autism attenuates sex differences in brain structure in Swan Hill 18 to 24 months of age.
Development and Psychopathology, 21, — Persp Psychol Sci. Download PDF. J Fluency Disord , 55 , Nat Commun.