Perhaps not surprisingly, California, Oregon, and New Jersey have lower teen pregnancy rates than the national average—by 3 percent, 4 percent, and 11 percent respectively, although additional educational and socioeconomic factors could also contribute to their low rates.
To account for the ethnic diversity among the teen populations in the different states in a abstinence only sex education facts in Tennessee analysis of teen pregnancy and birth rates, we included only the proportion of white and black teens in the state populations as covariates, because the Hispanic teen population numbers were not normally distributed see below.
As pointed out by the Society for Adolescent Medicine, the abstinence-only approach as stressed by level 3 state laws and policies and funded by the federal abstinence-only programs is characterized by the withholding of information and is ethically flawed . Figure 5.
Individual research studies Despite large differences between individual research studies that evaluate specific sex education programs e. National Institutes of Health. Adolescent Sexual Health in Europe and the U.
Minnesota Minn. What is the Evidence? Received Mar 8; Accepted Aug AccessedNov 1. Read More.
Maine Me. These 11 states require only that abstinence is covered during sex education :. Colorado Colo. The information must be age-appropriate, medically accurate and objective. HIV education is mandated in 34 states and the District of Columbia.
In addition, it could be used as a communication tool between sex education teachers and their students . Schalet A. Each school board shall provide age-appropriate and research-based instruction in human growth and development including instruction regarding human sexuality, self-esteem, stress management, interpersonal relationships, domestic abuse, HPV and the availability of a vaccine to prevent HPV, and acquired immune deficiency syndrome in grades one through Curriculum content standards shall be age-appropriate, medically accurate, encourage parental involvement and family communication, and promote the development of healthy relationships.
Human sexuality instruction is not required, but a school district that offers a human sexuality curriculum shall be comprehensive and maintain content standards for the curriculum that are based on scientific research. Kathrin F.